UGC NET Paper II
Unit – 1 : Political Theory
Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rights, Democracy, Power, Citizenship,
Unit – 2 : Political Thought
Confucius, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt, Frantz Fanon, Mao Zedong, John Rawls
Unit – 3 : Indian Political Thought
Dharamshastra, Kautilya, Aggannasutta, Barani, Kabir, Pandita Ramabai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Swami Vivekanand, Rabindranath Tagore, M.K Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Muhammad Iqbal, M.N.Roy, V D Savarkar, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, J L Nehru, Ram Manohar Lohia, Jaya Prakash Narayan, Deendayal Upadhyaya
Unit – 4 : Comparative Political Analysis
Approaches: Institutional, Political Culture, Political Economy and New Institutionalism; Comparative Methods
Colonialism and decolonization: forms of colonialism, anti-colonial struggles and decolonization
Nationalism: European and non-European.
State theory: debate over the nature of state in capitalist and socialist societies; post-colonial state; welfare state; globalization and nations-states
Political regimes: democratic (Electoral, Liberal, Majoritarian and Participatory) and non-democratic regimes (Patrimonialism,
Bureaucratic authoritarianism, Military dictatorship, Totalitarianism, and fascist).
Constitutions and Constitutionalism: forms of constitutions, rule of law, judicial independence and liberal constitutionalism; emergency powers and crisis of constitutionalism.
Democratisation: democratic transition and consolidation.
Development: Underdevelopment, Dependency, Modernization, World Systems Theory, development and democracy.
Structures of Power: ruling class, power elites, democratic elitism
Actor and Processes: Electoral Systems, Political Parties and Party System, Interest groups, Social movements, new social movements, Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and civil society campaigns; Revolutions.
Unit – 5 : International Relations
Approaches to the study of International relations: Idealism, Realism, Structural Marxism, Neoliberalism, Neorealism, Social Constructivism, Critical International Theory, Feminism, Postmodernism.
Concepts: State, state system and non-state actors, Power, Sovereignty, Security: traditional and non- traditional.
Conflict and Peace: Changing Nature of Warfare; Weapons of mass destruction; deterrence; conflict resolution, conflict transformation.
United Nations: Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the Working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Humanitarian intervention. International law; International Criminal Court
Political Economy of IR; Globalisation; Global governance and Bretton Woods system, North-South Dialogue, WTO, G-20, BRICS.
Regional Organisations: European Union, African Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, ASEAN.
Contemporary Challenges: International terrorism, Climate change and Environmental Concerns, Human Rights, Migration and Refugees; Poverty and Development; Role of Religion, Culture and Identity Politics.
Unit – 6 : India’s Foreign Policy
Perspectives on India’s Foreign Policy: India’s Identity as postcolonial, development, rising power and as emerging political economy
Continuity and change in India’s Foreign Policy: Principles and determinants; Non-Alignment movement: historical background and relevance of Non Aligned Movement; India’s Nuclear Policy
India’s relations with major powers: USA, USSR/Russia, People’s Republic of China
India’s Engagement with multipolar world: India’s relations with European Union, BRICS, ASEAN, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, African Union, Southern African Development Community, Gulf Cooperation Council
India’s relations with neighbourhood: SAARC, Gujaral doctrine, Look Eas t/ Act East, Look West
India’s Negotiation Strategies in International Regimes: The United Nations, World Trade Organisation, International Monetary Fund, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Contemporary challenges: maritime security, energy security, environmental security, migrants and refugees, water resources, international terrorism, cyber security
Unit – 7 : Political Institutions in India
Making of the Indian Constitution: Colonialism heritage and the contribution Indian National Movement to the making of the Indian Constitution
Constituent Assembly: Composition, Ideological Moorings, Constitutional Debates
Philosophy of the Constitution: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles
Union Executive: President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
Union Parliament: Structure, Role and Functioning, Parliamentary Committees
Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Court, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism, Judicial Reform
Executive and Legislature in the States: Governor, Chief Minister, State Legislature
Federalism in India: Strong Centre Framework, Asymmetrical Federal Provisions and Adaption, Role of Intergovernmental Coordination Mechanisms, Inter-State Council, Emerging Trends
Electoral Process and Election Commission of India: Conduct of Elections, Rules, Electoral Reforms
Local Government Institutions: Functioning and reforms
Constitutional and Statutory Bodies: Comptroller and Auditor General, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Human Rights, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Minorities
Unit – 8 : Political Processes in India
State, Economy and Development: Nature of Indian State, Development Planning model, New Economic Policy, Growth and Human Development.
Process of globalisation: social and economic implications.
Identity Politics: Religion, Tribe, Caste, Region, Language.
Social Movements: Dalit, Tribal, Women, Farmers, labour
Civil Society Groups: Non-Party Social Formations, Non-Governmental Organisations, Social Action Groups.
Regionalisation of Indian Politics: Reorganisation of Indian States, States as Political and Economic Units, Sub-State Regions, Regional disparities, Demand for New States,
Gender and Politics in India: Issues of Equality and Representation.
Ideology and Social basis of Political Parties: National Parties, State Parties.
Electoral Politics: Participation, Contestation, Representation, Emerging trends.
Unit – 9 : Public Administration
Public Administration: meaning and evolution; public and private administration
Approaches: System Theory, Decision Making, Ecological Approach
Public administration theories and concepts: Scientific Management Theory, Rational Choice theory, New Public Administration, Development Administration,
Comparative Public Administration, New Public Management, changing nature of Public Administration in the era of liberalisation and Globalisation
Theories and Principles of Organization: Scientific Management Theory, Bureaucratic Theory, Human Relations Theory
Managing the organization: Theories of leadership and motivation.
Organisational Communication: Theories and Principles, Chester Bernard Principles of Communication, Information Management in the organization
Managing Conflict in the Organization: Mary Parker Follett
Management by Objectives- Peter Drucker
Unit – 10 : Governance and Public Policy in India
Governance, good governance and democratic governance, role of state, civil society and individuals.
Accountability and control: Institutional mechanism for checks and balances, legislative control over executive, administrative and budgetary control, control through parliamentary committees, judicial control over legislature and executive, administrative culture, corruption and administrative reforms
Institutional mechanisms for good governance: Right to Information, Consumer Protection Act, Citizen Charter; Grievance redress system: Ombudsman, Lokpal, Lokayukta
Grassroots Governance: Panchayati Raj Institutions and their functioning
Planning and Development: Decentralised planning, planning for development, sustainable development, participatory development, e-governance; NITI Aayog
Public policy as an instrument of socio-economic development: public policies with special reference to housing, health, drinking water, food security, MNREGA, NHRM, RTE
Monitoring and evaluation of public policy; mechanisms of making governance process accountable: jansunwai, social audit